How is DNA translated into Life?
If DNA is the code, how is this information converted into bones, skin, hair, eyes, blood, neurons and the rest of the body?
First, DNA is decoded into RNA, which then serves as a template to make proteins, the stuff that makes up our bodies.
From DNA to Proteins
This image shows how DNA is transcribed into RNA. The RNA is then used as a template for the ribosome to create proteins. Three nucleotides correspond to one codon, and one codon corresponds to one amino acid.
Image Credit: The Biological and Environmental Research Information System, Oak Ridge National Laboratory,genomicscience.energy.gov/ and genomics.energy.gov/.